Research Design Service: East Midlands

Latest News

Recruiting participants for adult social care studies: challenges and mitigating strategies METHODS REVIEW

  Created on Monday, 22 Jun 2020. Posted in Guidance | Social Care

This Methods Review aimed to describe the challenges in recruiting organisations and individuals for adult social care research and identify possible strategies to address them.

One of the main barriers to recruitment was variation among provider organisations, so recruitment strategies needed to be adjusted for different organisations, many of which lacked capacity for research participation. The rapidly changing nature of adult social care organisation and delivery in England also means that recruitment strategies often need to be adapted while research is in progress. Building partnerships between researchers and providers and offering financial and other incentives were suggested as mitigating strategies. In recruiting individuals, a lack of understanding of research benefit and organisations’ gatekeeping arrangements were common difficulties. Interviewees suggested: raising public awareness of adult social care research; building relationships with user/carer groups; using a variety of recruitment strategies and offering a range of participation routes. Researchers and funding bodies should allow sufficient time and resources to recruit representative samples. Researchers should share recruitment knowledge.


Updated Health economics guide for public health teams

  Created on Wednesday, 29 Jan 2020. Posted in Health Economics | Guidance

In this guide you will find links to tools and reports that can help you:

  • assess which interventions provide the best value for money, by calculating their costs, benefits and ROI
  • make the most of your budget by deciding how to split resources across different public health programmes
  • compare costs, savings and clinical outcomes

These evidence resources are relevant for local decision makers as well as national policymakers.

The cost-effectiveness of specific topic areas

PHE’s Health Economics team has produced a number of resources which can be used to estimate the value of investing in prevention and early diagnosis in your area. They pull together the best available evidence on costs, savings, and health benefits for specific topic areas in a single place, thus simplifying the process of commissioning cost-effective services.


CAHPR's Top Ten Tips series

  Created on Monday, 20 Jan 2020. Posted in Guidance

Council for Allied Health Professions Research (CAHPR) have created a brief summary advice on key topics for novice, ealry career and experienced researchers. Each guide has a top 10 tips sheet 

  • Becoming a Peer Reviewer
  • Capturing Research Impact
  • Enabling Research Activity
  • Engaging with your AHSN
  • Getting your Abstract Accepted
  • Getting Your Paper Published
  • NEW - Implementation for Impact
  • Medtech Development for AHPs
  • NEW - Navigating doctoral studies: overview
  • Patient and Public Involvement
  • Preparing a Scientific Poster
  • Running a Journal Club
  • Seeking Ethical Approval
  • Social Media
  • Statistics
  • Writing Service Improvement Case Studies

The Guidebook on Multiple Conditions

  Created on Monday, 16 Dec 2019. Posted in Guidance

The Multiple Condition Guidebook is a collection of case studies and practical solutions to help local areas improve health and wellbeing. 

This work showcases 10 examples of how local areas and frontline professionals across health, social care, the VCS, local government and beyond are responding to the challenge of how to provide better care to the 15 million people in England living with multiple long-term conditions. The intention of these resources is to provide local practitioners with practical insight and to create conversations to bring about change at scale.


NIHR Guidance update for applicants on Equality, Diversity and Inclusion for study participants

  Created on Monday, 04 Nov 2019. Posted in Guidance

Guidance for applicants on Equality, Diversity and Inclusion for study participants: Every person eligible to take part in research should be offered the same opportunity of taking part in that research regardless of:

  • Age
  • Gender including gender reassignment
  • Sexual orientation
  • Marital status
  • Being pregnant or on maternity leave
  • Disability including diminished mental capacity
  • Ethnicity, religion or belief
  • Geographical location
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Access to healthcare

Applicants should demonstrate how these factors have been considered and addressed in their proposal, including steps taken to ensure the research sample is representative of the population the study is targeted at.


Artificial Intelligence: How to get it right Putting policy into practice for safe data-driven innovation in health and care

  Created on Friday, 01 Nov 2019. Posted in Guidance

NHSX brings teams from the Department of Health and Social Care, NHS England and NHS Improvement together into one unit to drive digital transformation and lead policy, implementation and change.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has the potential to make a significant difference to health and care. A broad range of techniques can be used to create Artificially Intelligent Systems (AIS) to carry out or augment health and care tasks that have until now been completed by humans, or have not been possible previously; these techniques include inductive logic programming, robotic process automation, natural language processing, computer vision, neural networks and distributed artificial intelligence. These technologies present significant opportunities for keeping people healthy, improving care, saving lives and saving money for the pilot digital technologies. It could help personalised NHS screening and treatments for cancer, eye disease and a range of other conditions, for example. Furthermore, it’s not just patients who can benefit. AI can also support clinicians, enabling them to make the best use of their expertise, informing their decisions and saving them time.

This report gives a considered and cohesive overview of the current state of play of data-driven technologies within the health and care system, covering everything from the local research environment to international frameworks in development. Informed by research conducted by NHSX and other partners over the past year, it outlines where in the system AI technologies can be utilised and the policy work that is, and will need to be done, to ensure this utilisation is done in a safe, effective and ethically acceptable manner.


Bias in clinical trials

  Created on Monday, 07 Oct 2019. Posted in Guidance

If you are aware of a significant potential for bias when designing a study, to address an important question to the NHS, then name it. Demonstrate in your application that you recognise the bias and come up with ideas on how to tackle it! The funding committee will otherwise identify it and it will be seen as a fault that has been overlooked and confidence in your team will be lost.

When answering a commissioned brief look out for the phrase 'applicants to define', it's a recognition that bias if a strong possibility and provides applicants with the opportunity to demonstrate creatinve solutions to address it.

To listen to Hywel's vlog in full:


New best practice guidance for public involvement

  Created on Tuesday, 09 Jul 2019. Posted in Public Involvement | Guidance

NHS Health Research Authority have launched new guidelines on how to involve patients and the public well in research.

The new webpages introduce four key principles for best practice in public involvement:

  1. Involve the right people – people who have lived experience relevant to the health condition or social care situation being researched, and to the people the study will aim to recruit as participants
  2. Involve enough people to provide a reasonable breadth and depth of views on the issues that are likely to be important to the people the study will aim to recruit, and who it is intended to benefit
  3. Involve those people enough in as many aspects of the study as is feasible, productive, and appropriate to the research - and at the right times
  4. Describe in your application how it helps using the question specific guidance in the Integrated Research Application System (IRAS) to make it clear how involving people well helps to address potential ethical issues

Tips and guidelines on questionnaire design all in one place

  Created on Tuesday, 14 May 2019. Posted in Guidance

Questionnaire Design Resource Centre is a library of tips and guidelines on questionnaire design. It's been created to help researchers better understand the challenges of collecting survey data, improve knowledge in health and market survey questionnaire and clinical outcome assessment measure design.

 


EME proof of concept

  Created on Thursday, 11 Apr 2019. Posted in Funding | Guidance

All applications to EME must cite some evidence that the intervention could work, i.e. that there is “proof of concept”. How much prior evidence of potential efficacy is needed will vary with the size of the translational step, the scale of the proposed study and the nature of the intervention. This document looks a examples of proof of concept that are accepted by the EME Funding Committees